Technology Snapshot & Benefits:
Both obvious and hidden economic savings come from building designs that
rely on natural lighting. Throughout much of the day, owners and occupants can
easily benefit from natural lighting and avoid electrical consumption otherwise
required by artificial indoor lamps. Not so obviously, considerable economic
gain may be achieved through increased productivity of workers and occupants. Studies have repeatedly demonstrated that natural illumination is the
standard" by which the efficacy of artificial lighting technologies is gauged.
Further, studies show that workers with access to windows and natural light are
happier, more productive, and suffer fewer health problems than workers resigned
to artificial lighting.
Technologies include efficient windows, skylights, light shafts, and many
architectural features that allow natural light to penetrate into the building. Newer technologies are used as well. Over the past decade, some Japanese
shoppers have benefited from natural light delivered to the interior of shopping
malls via fiber optic cables originating on the roof.
Estimated Cost Savings:
The direct economic savings achieved by "daylighting" must be balanced against
any potential heat loss associated with any window or skylight. For maximum
cost effectiveness, only the most efficient windows and skylights should be
Actual savings will depend upon how much you rely on artificial lighting, your
local climatic conditions, etc. It is a good idea to check with local builders
and energy offices to better calculate energy savings. However, it is unlikely
that any consultant will be able to quantify the true value of access to
daylight – as measured by satisfaction with the building, increased productivity,
and improved health.
Daylighting technologies are relatively easy to incorporate in new construction.
Opportunities in existing buildings may require a little creativity or the
advice of an architect or builder. For more information, see
Brighter climates may offer more resource to work with, but consider issues of
heat gain and loss in addition to increased illumination. Daylighting in
northern climates may provide disproportionately greater benefits to morale and
human health because these regions often are subjected to prolonged cloud cover
during winter months.
(Getting It Done):
Be sure to get bids from two
or three (or more) installers and/or building contractors specializing in
windows and skylights to gain immediate perspective on the true costs of
equipment and installation in your area.
More Information On This Topic:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Passive Solar
U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy:
Passive Solar Home Design